Effective antiviral agents: answers to questions about the treatment of influenza and SARS

Unfortunately, confusion often arises among patients: when treating themselves on their own, they use drugs that do not work at all on any of the links in the pathogenesis of a particular disease. In other words, they do not act on the cause of the disease.

So, with uncomplicated ARVI, antibiotics are used, and with acute tonsillitis – angina, they rely on antiviral drugs. There are many nuances, it’s easy to make a mistake. Competently, adequate to the patient’s condition, only a specialist can prescribe antiviral agents, like antibiotics, etc.

There is no universal remedy that “kills” any viruses. In order not to act blindly and to get a more complete picture of the drugs used, together with the experts and the rating prepared by them –, we will briefly consider what viruses from the groups are DNA and RNA containing, what diseases they cause, and, of course, what antiviral agents are used in this or that case (rare, such as smallpox, we will not consider).

However, speaking of antiviral drugs, we primarily mean anti-influenza drugs. By the principle of operation, we will divide them into the following groups:

  1. Inhibitors of the viral protein M2. This is rimantadine, midantan (amantadine). For the prevention of influenza type A, it is often not midantan that is used, but rimantadine. The latter is more preferable because it has a negative effect on the central nervous system.
  2. Viral RNA polymerase inhibitors. Ribavirin, for example. Also effective against A and B.
  3. Inhibitors of the viral enzyme neuraminidase. This is zanamivir, seltamivir. Effective against influenza A and B viruses.

We should also mention arbidol and oxolin. Arbidol is an indole derivative widely used for the treatment and prevention of influenza caused by influenza A and B viruses. It is also effective in the fight against acute respiratory viral infections. It has not only moderate antiviral activity, but also interferonogenic action. It is well tolerated. However, not all experts share a positive view of this drug.

The well-known oxolin demonstrates virucidal action, it should also be kept in the medicine cabinet. A good prophylactic agent when it comes to preventing influenza, viral rhinitis. It is also effective for certain viral skin diseases, as well as keratoconjunctivitis caused by adenoviruses. Means for external use, related to the barrier. Not a bad option for prevention: during periods of increased morbidity, it will come in handy. Before visiting a crowded place, it is enough to apply topically to create a barrier.

What antiviral drugs to use for colds?

If you have a common cold, you have been diagnosed with ARVI, the doctor will not offer antiviral medications. If there are no complications, then antibiotics are not needed. Only symptomatic treatment. In addition to antitussives, you can connect antihistamines, especially if the catarrhal manifestations – runny nose, cough, are very pronounced.

Important! Do not use acetylsalicylic acid on children.

What antiviral drugs to use for influenza?

So, in order not to buy homeopathic “dummies”, let us once again designate the most used remedies with proven clinical efficacy:

  • amantadine;
  • remantadine;
  • oseltamivir;
  • zanamivir.

The earlier the appointment, the better. Late appointment is useless. By prescribing these drugs, fever and respiratory tract damage are relieved. But the emphasis remains on the relief of symptoms, mandatory bed rest, symptomatic agents (antipyretic, antitussive, etc.). The only thing – do not give aspirin to children with influenza!

Antiviral drugs: what to look for

For adults:

  1. Tamiflu and rimantadine, discussed above.
  2. Nobasite – enisamia iodide, antiviral action.
  3. Viferon is from the group of cytokines.

For children:

  1. Afludol is a product based on umifenovir. Can be given from 3 years old.
  2. Hippferon nasal spray – from the first days of life. Well tolerated.
  3. Oseltamivir is also well tolerated and can be used from 12 years of age.
  4. Amiksin – from 7 years old. Not a bad tool for early prevention and subsequent treatment.

The listed drugs work with approximately the same effectiveness. The same can be said for side effects. However, nausea, dyspeptic symptoms, dizziness can be simply manifestations of intoxication against the background of the disease, and this should also be taken into account.

If you use antiviral drugs, then literally in the first hours of a deterioration, the sooner the better. Otherwise, such drugs will not show effectiveness. Do not rely only on antiviral and immunomodulatory drugs: actively use the symptomatic therapy prescribed by your doctor and avoid bacterial complications.

Application for prophylaxis in small courses is also appropriate.

Supported by the project

Do not self-medicate!
Consult your doctor for prescribing drugs for both treatment and diagnosis!

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