Then he hurried to write a report to the commander-in-chief of the British royal troops, they say, when he reads the letter, Washington will no longer be alive.
This story took place in 1776 and ended tragically. For the cook, of course. He committed suicide after sending the letter. And General Washington liked the dish … He lived for another 20 years and became the first president of the United States.
Tomatoes so popular today were considered poisonous in those days!
Depending on the market conditions, fruits are recognized as vegetables, then berries, then fruits … From the point of view of botany, tomatoes are berries. But in 1893, the US Supreme Court decided to treat them as vegetables when collecting customs duties. Since the collection was higher for vegetables. And in 2001, the European Union decided that tomatoes are fruits. Well, in our country tomatoes have always been considered a vegetable crop. I think it will be so in the future.
The homeland of tomatoes is South America, and the first fruits were yellow in color the size of currants. Mexicans began to cultivate them. In Mexico they were called “tomatl”.
In the 16th century, when the fruits were just brought to Europe, in Spain and Portugal they were called “pompdel Peru” – “apple from Peru”. “Apple of love” – ”pomdamur” – the French called the tomato. And the Italians, having seen the yellow tomatoes, came up with a new name for them – “pomodoro”, which is more familiar to our ears, which means “golden apple”.
By the 18th century, tomatoes came to Russia. They began to be grown in pots as ornamental plants. And only by the end of the century, their cultivation began as a vegetable crop in the south of the country.
The benefits and harms of tomatoes
Nutritionists believe that tomatoes offer extraordinary health benefits.
There are many in them:
- P vitamins, which strengthen the walls of blood vessels and improve blood circulation;
- biotin – vitamin H, necessary for the good condition of the skin, nails, hair;
- vitamin C, which strengthens the immune system;
- vitamin B3, which contributes to healthy sleep and good mood;
- folic acid, necessary for cell growth, hematopoiesis;
- vitamin E, which is important for immune protection and normal functioning of the heart and the female sphere.
Doctors call tomatoes “the vegetable of longevity.” They contain a large amount of a wonderful nutrient – the carotenoid lycopene, which gives a bright color. It is a powerful oxidizing agent that reliably protects the body’s cells from damage by free radicals, has a positive effect on immunity and speeds up metabolism. As a result, it reduces the risk of serious chronic diseases, in particular stroke.
Both fresh tomatoes and tomato sauces and juices are useful. In order for carotenes to be better absorbed by the body, tomatoes should be seasoned with vegetable oil. Even heat treatment does not kill the benefits of tomatoes, but only enhances it.
- Tomatoes contain glucose, fructose and organic acids (malic, oxalic, citric, tartaric, and overripe tomatoes – amber).
- And also important elements: potassium, magnesium, sodium, iron, zinc, cobalt, calcium, iodine, etc.
Urologists recommend that men after 40 years of age be sure to consume tomatoes, as they reduce the volume of the prostate gland. Men who eat five to six tomatoes a day are less likely to get prostate cancer.
And women are advised to add carrots to this healthy vegetable. One carrot root vegetable per day and 100 grams of tomato sauce per week will help protect the body from serious ailments.
Drinking tomato juice every day can relieve symptoms of menopause. Anxiety and irritability are noticeably reduced, and the level of cholesterol in the blood decreases. According to research, gamma-aminobutyric acid in tomato juice affects a woman’s body in a similar way to estrogens.
It is good to drink tomato juice for diabetics. Within three to four weeks, it will reduce blood clotting and the tendency to thrombus formation.
For those who count calories, we inform you that 100 grams of tomatoes contain only 17 kcal. In addition, they help to normalize metabolism. So, you can safely lean on juicy fruits.
However, with food allergies, gout, pancreatitis, exacerbation of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, kidneys, cholelithiasis, arthritis, osteochondrosis, as well as taking sulfa drugs and anticoagulants with tomatoes, one must be careful. Be sure to discuss their use with your doctor!
And so that fresh tomatoes do not lose their taste and aroma, don’t put them in the refrigerator… Scientists have found that the aromatic molecules responsible for these qualities are destroyed when stored in the cold.
Traditional medicine recipes
Prescription for the prevention of heart ailments. Chop tomatoes, add bell pepper, crushed garlic. Crush everything to a puree consistency. Add chopped oregano herb. You can pour boiling water over dry oregano (2 tablespoons per glass), insist a little. And, after filtering, pour into the mixture.
With a chronic disease of the gastrointestinal tract. Before eating, immerse the tomatoes in boiling water for 30 seconds and then peel them. It helps to avoid heartburn, nausea, pain and bloating.
With varicose veins. Apply gruel from fresh tomatoes. Then smeared with cream.
With purulent wounds, burns, boils, eczema, erysipelas. Apply gruel from the pulp of the fruit to the sore spot 2-3 times a day.
With metabolic disorders. 1 kg of tomatoes are mixed with chopped garlic, horseradish, apples. Take 2 tbsp. spoons in the morning before meals.
When coughing. Grind 1 kg of tomatoes in a blender and mix with 50 g of garlic and 100 g of horseradish root. Stir and take 1 tbsp. spoon a day 2 minutes before meals.
In prison. Drink 150-200 ml of tomato juice 2-3 times a day 15-30 minutes before meals.
Eat tomatoes for health!
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