How is heatstroke different from sunstroke?

So, it will be useful to put on a Panama hat, cover your nose with a living “fig leaf” or a special plastic attachment for glasses, throw a damp towel over your shoulders, and keep a bottle of cool water nearby. After all, sunstroke is the talk of the town!

But what, it would seem, could threaten the troublesome mother of the family, who at the same moment, without thinking at all about the rest by the river or the sea, is engaged in her own kitchen with seasonal seaming and harvesting of vegetables and fruits? After all, she is not on the street, her skin is isolated from the sun’s rays not only by clothing, but also by the thick walls of the room … Therefore, there are no prerequisites for a burn.

Yes! But on the other hand, there is a danger of hyperthermia – that is, overheating. The fire of an electric or gas stove, boiling water, a hot oven where cans are sterilized are quite obvious sources of energy. In combination with the high summer plus air temperature, the “environment” often warms up to critical levels.

Photo: Depositphotos

  • Heatstroke is much more difficult to track than solar!

And first of all – precisely because of low alertness, “unexpectedness”. Meanwhile, there are more than enough opportunities when this acute condition requiring emergency medical care may arise. And the presence of the sun is completely optional here.

Take at least:

  • transport trips (metro, electric trains, minibuses, private cars, buses in the city and over long distances);
  • repair and construction work in closed rooms, when technologies require the absence of drafts (for example, gluing wallpaper);
  • work in offices without air conditioning;
  • study in classrooms without split systems;
  • all kinds of work in synthetic clothing (protective uniform of doctors), which does not allow air to pass through well;
  • production meetings;
  • entertainment events in insufficient space (youth nightclubs);
  • long hikes, especially in open areas.
How is heatstroke different from sunstroke?
Photo: Depositphotos

Any of the above situations in the summer season is fraught with the fact that someone present will show signs of heatstroke. This happens when the body is deprived of the opportunity to release the heat generated as a result of vital activity into the environment. And it is not at all necessary that the victim will immediately lose consciousness (faint).

Heatstroke signs:

  • face turns red;
  • the head hurts a lot, dizzy, darkens before the eyes;
  • nausea, possibly vomiting, diarrhea;
  • the general body temperature rises (up to 40 degrees);
  • sudden weakness, drowsiness, legs give way.

Help is needed immediately:

  • lay down, free the neck – open the collar of the clothes;
  • provide access to fresh air (open windows, doors, take out into the street);
  • cool the head, body (ice, bottles, any food from the refrigerator, wrapped in cloth);
  • give a drink at room temperature;
  • call the ambulance brigade.
How is heatstroke different from sunstroke?
Photo: Depositphotos

Of course, special care should be taken by parents with small children (alternating the stay of babies in the sun and in the shade), elderly people and those who have chronic diseases.

Let summer be just a time of good rest for you!


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