Blackheads, in cosmetology – open comedones, are a common problem; people of different sex and age face this. The pores are clogged with sebum, dust, dead cells of the epidermis. Most often, black dots appear on the nose, forehead, chin, that is, in the T-zone. The surface of the skin in places where the pores are clogged becomes uneven, it is easy to detect it tactilely. Cosmetics like foundation, for example, can mask blackheads, but will not even out the relief, and the appearance will be less well-groomed. The problem is easily solved, both on your own at home, and in salons, clinics with the help of a dermatologist, cosmetologist.
From what appear
It is not difficult to improve skin condition, get rid of blackheads. But in order for a positive result to last longer, it is important to understand the reasons for their appearance.
- Improper cleansing. During the day, sebum, dust, and cosmetics accumulate on the surface of the skin. And if you have a habit of touching your face with your hands, then microbes and bacteria. With insufficient, irregular cleansing, all this can remain in the pores, become blackheads or acne in the future. Therefore, it is important to wash your face every morning and evening with a product suitable for your skin type. For those who use decorative cosmetics, be sure to thoroughly wash it off in the evening, first with a make-up remover (micellar water, hydrophilic oil, milk, sorbet, etc.) and only after the usual gel or foam. It is recommended to complete cleansing with lotion or tonic.
- Genetic predisposition. A child can lose the genetic lottery and inherit problem skin from their parents.
- Unhealthy Lifestyle. Smoking, alcohol abuse, unbalanced diet – all these can affect the quality of the skin. Blood circulation is disturbed, a lack of vitamins and important elements appears, problems with the gastrointestinal tract are acquired.
- Oily or combination skin type. Wearers of these skin types are usually more familiar with the problem of blackheads than others. The production of sebum is greater, the pores are especially clogged in the heat, when sweat appears in addition to sebum. Oily skin is often dried out in the hope of tightening pores and getting rid of shine. But she reacts to this by increasing the production of sebum, which leads to an increase in the number of blackheads.
- Hormones. Black dots often accompany hormonal changes. Transitional age, pregnancy, lactation, menopause – all these are possible causes of skin problems, the appearance of open comedones.
Can you crush?
The answer is yes, you can. During manual cleaning in a beauty salon, they also crush. But it is not recommended to do it yourself. If this does not work, then before you press black dots with your own hands, you need to prepare: steam your face well, disinfect your hands, tools, otherwise the risk of bringing in and spreading the infection will greatly increase (and even after disinfection at home, it does not disappear completely).
Preparing to uninstall
How to cleanse the pores and not injure the skin, worsen its condition, and not provoke inflammation? Very carefully, carefully prepare for the procedure. Without neglecting warnings about the consequences. After home cleaning, wounds, acne, scars, and an infection may appear.
How to steam your skin
Steaming is an important step in the home procedure for getting rid of blackheads. Bring the water to a boil, add chamomile and calendula, let it brew, they soothe and disinfect. Wash yourself with special care. Do not bend over the container of water too low (it will be hot), keep your head above the steam and cover with a towel. Vaporization should take fifteen to twenty minutes, during which time the pores will expand and open.
You can use a compress for steaming. Dip a thick gauze or cotton cloth into boiled hot water with chamomile and / or calendula. The impregnated flap should be squeezed out, then applied to the areas where the pores need to be opened. Repeat several times (the compress will cool down) for ten minutes.
How to get rid of at home
To figure out how to remove blackheads, learn a little more about popular commercial and home remedies that have already helped others in the fight against skin imperfections. The problem is urgent, therefore there are so many solutions that everyone can choose the appropriate one.
These are popular and selling well for blackheads. They may differ in size, shape, but are made of the same components: woven substrate, polymer, non-sticky resin. They work thanks to a layer of polymer, it adheres to the unevenness of the skin – clogged pores – and part of the “plug” from the pore is pulled out together with the removal of the plaster. Some manufacturers add absorbent substances, essential oils to the side that adheres to the skin. Before use, the face must be steamed. The effect of the stripes does not last long, just a couple of days.
Black masks, which were recently very popular on Instagram, are in many ways similar to cleansing plasters: the substance adheres to the skin, “clings” to the relief clogged pores, and pulls out their contents when removed. The mask can be applied all over the face or only on problem areas, for example, on the T-zone or separately on the nose, which are more prone to pore clogging. The mask fits tightly, it is difficult to remove, so it is important to strictly follow the instructions, not to overexpose.
In search of an answer to the question of how to remove blackheads, many turn to the funds from the pharmacy. It is better to discuss their use with a dermatologist, cosmetologist, it is not safe to prescribe most of these drugs yourself.
Zinc ointment has an absorbing and antiseptic effect, it also dries the skin. It draws out excess sebum and “plugs” from the pores.
Before use, make-up removal, washing, steaming are required. It is better to apply the ointment pointwise, to areas where there are many blackheads, and keep it for 10-15 minutes. The drug is not absorbed, after use, you need to thoroughly wipe the skin with a cotton pad or wash.
To get rid of black spots on the nose, ichthyol ointment is applied in a thin layer to the problem area or pointwise, if there are few open comedones, left for 2-4 hours and then cleaned with a cleanser. It is then recommended to use a tonic containing salicylic acid.
The ointment works by dissolving the sebum that has accumulated in the pores.
The results from applying the ointment will be noticeable after a course of 10 days. The ointment is applied in a thick layer, covered with a cotton pad, it is recommended to keep it from 4 to 10 hours. Wash your face thoroughly after the ointment.
The drug is available with a benzoyl peroxide concentration of 2.5% and 5%. A lower concentration is usually offered for the first course of treatment. The course lasts three months, during this time “Baziron” is used twice a day, with noticeable improvements – once a day. All three months do not use decorative cosmetics (foundation, powder, etc.). The result of the course: comedones disappear, pores are cleared, the work of the sebaceous glands is normalized.
“Propeller” is a caring cosmetics from a Russian manufacturer. The “Aerobatics of Purity” line is designed for skin with blackheads and enlarged pores. This is a budget face care, sold in pharmacies and stores, popular with teenagers, but suitable for people of all ages.
Tsindol is a “talker”. It is used as a tonic, that is, it is applied to a cotton pad and wiped on a clean face, usually only small areas, because it can be very dry. Tsindol is not washed off. A moisturizer is applied on top of it. It is advisable to use sunscreens, some components of the “talker” increase the sensitivity to sunlight.
The drug for external use contains an antibiotic. It heals the skin, reduces inflammation, and helps in the normalization of the sebaceous glands. Thanks to this, the pores become less clogged, but Zinerit does not eliminate the existing open comedones.
Skinoren contains acid, it brightens blackheads, gives the face a fresher and more well-groomed look. Protects against the formation of new comedones and against inflammation. This is an effective care after cosmetic procedures.
Suitable for getting rid of blackheads, for prevention. Recommended to use after washing once a day in the evening. The course is 1-3 months. Differin has sebum-regulating and anti-inflammatory properties, maintains good skin condition, pores stay clean longer.
Natural care, the recipe for which was known to previous generations, remains popular. Home remedies are very affordable. do not require a doctor’s consultation, so they are often preferred over purchased care from pharmacies and stores.
Masks that can be made at home are much less expensive than purchased masks and usually work equally well on different types of skin; they solve the problem of excess sebum secretion and deeply cleanse. All the recipes offered here are simple and don’t take much time.
The kefir mask is suitable for combination and oily skin types. The acids in kefir dissolve the sebum, the pores are cleansed. Keep it on your face for 15-20 minutes.
An aspirin mask is prepared from 2-3 well-crushed Aspirin tablets mixed with a spoonful of water. The mixture is applied in a circular motion to the skin of the face, after 15 minutes the mask must be thoroughly washed off, and the care must be completed with a tonic and moisturizer.
Separating the white from the yolk will help reduce blackheads. Beaten egg white is applied to the steamed face, the mask needs to be kept for half an hour, then wash with water and gently pat your face with a towel.
Home scrubs cleanse well, gently or, on the contrary, very intensively – you can decide for yourself what the abrasive particles will be, choose those components that are more suitable for your skin type.
Pass the oatmeal through a coffee grinder or blender, mix with water, gradually pouring it in until you achieve a creamy consistency. Spread the resulting mixture evenly over the face with your fingertips and scrub the skin with light circular movements. You can wash off the scrub just with water, after use, use a toner and cream.
Tea helps in sebum regulation and reduces inflammation. You need a bag of tea, 50-70 ml of water and a couple of tablespoons of sugar. Brew tea, let it brew and cool, mix with sugar and use the mixture as a scrub.
Rice is soaked in warm milk for 5 hours. Gently scrub with what you get for five minutes, then just wash with water.
Lotion is one of the stages of cleansing. When used regularly, a homemade toner or lotion can lighten blackheads and give your face a healthy and well-groomed look.
A lotion of apple cider vinegar and water is prepared in a 1: 3 ratio. Water can be replaced with a decoction of medicinal herbs. It will not get rid of blackheads that have appeared, but it can prevent the appearance of new ones, it cleanses the skin of sebum well.
Cranberries and currants are mixed with dry white wine, an infused and filtered toner suitable for oily skin, reduces blackheads and reduces sebum production.
A lotion made from grapefruit and lemon juice is applied to problem areas, usually the T-zone. Reduces oiliness and helps keep pores clean.
Homemade film mask similar in effect to the popular Black Mask. A charcoal tablet is mixed with one teaspoon of gelatin and a spoonful of water. The mixture is heated until smooth. It needs to be spread over the face, left to dry completely. A film will appear on the surface, remove it carefully, it can be painful, along with the dirt from clogged pores, the skin and fine fluff adhere perfectly to the mask.
Mix toothpaste with baking soda 1: 1, apply to areas with a lot of inflammation and blackheads. Keep for 5 minutes, rinse thoroughly. Choose a paste without fluoride, non-bleaching, with natural ingredients.
Mix gelatin and milk, one tablespoon at a time, heat in the microwave for 10 seconds, let cool. Distribute in a dense layer over the problem areas, well-steamed in advance, after 20 minutes, remove from the mask, frozen with a film. Use a toner or pore-tightening cream after the procedure. You can use it once every 5-7 days.
Soda is an aggressive ingredient for masks. It is not recommended to use it more than 2-3 times a month. Mix one tablespoon of baking soda with water, apply pointwise to problem areas. After 15 minutes, you can wash off the mask, after which it is desirable to moisturize well with cream, because baking soda can be very dry.
The juice contained in aloe leaves helps to dissolve the contents of clogged pores, soothes and moisturizes the skin. A cut aloe leaf can be applied as a patch to areas with many blackheads. Or squeeze the juice out of the cut sheets and wipe your face with it twice a day.
Chopped salt mixed with oils is the easiest homemade scrub to make. Cleans pores, slightly dries the skin.
Rubbing with a cotton pad with salicylic acid helps to reduce sebum production, the face is less greasy and the pores stay clean longer. The acid helps the skin renew itself faster, eliminates comedones. Please note: pharmacies sell acid and alcohol, alcohol is more aggressive, but also suitable for fighting blackheads.
Wipe clean steamed skin with lemon juice. The course can last a week. Helps to make blackheads on the nose less noticeable, get rid of them.
Fresh acacia honey is recommended. Can be applied neat with light patting movements. After 10 minutes, wash off the mask, rub the face with tonic.
Dilute white clay with water, the consistency should be creamy. Spread evenly over the entire face or problem areas, moisturize when drying, spraying with water. After 15 minutes, rinse off the clay mask with water. Kaolin brightens, reduces fat.
Apply 3% hydrogen peroxide to a clean, scrubbed face with a cotton pad. Moisturize with cream after 5-10 minutes. Peroxide deeply cleanses and whitens.
Extrusion is an effective way to get rid of blackheads. Masks and scrubs will help to remove only the “plugs” in the pores closest to the surface of the dermis. You can squeeze out what remains deeper. But this requires preparation, experience, knowledge of how to properly carry out the procedure. Be sure to disinfect your hands, nails, cotton pads or gloves. The skin should be well steamed, the pores open. Finish the treatment with a soothing and pore-tightening mask and cream.
For mechanical cleaning at home, you can purchase a loop or a uno spoon. This is more comfortable than finger pressure through gloves or cotton pads. It must also be disinfected before and after the procedure.
Private clinics, beauty salons offer pore cleansing, peeling.
Cleaning can be manual, mechanical, ultrasonic, combined. The first two are more effective, but generally not suitable for sensitive skin, and the redness lasts longer. The second two are more gentle.
A cosmetologist-dermatologist at an in-person consultation will offer cleaning suitable for the type of skin, all its features.
The procedure does not permanently eliminate blackheads. The sebum produced will clog the pores over time, this is a natural process. You can only reduce its intensity by properly caring for the face, without provoking increased sebum secretion, well cleansing the face of cosmetics, without overdrying. Then the break between cleanings at the beautician will be longer. Basically, it lasts from a month to six months, depending on the type of skin, its characteristics, care.
Peels renew the skin, tighten pores, the face looks more well-groomed, the relief is evened out. Getting rid of blackheads is a nice bonus.
Comedones after cleaning or peeling usually disappear from the first procedure, a course is not needed.
Deep black dots
It happens that at home the black point is so deep that it is not squeezed out either manually or by a device. Strong pressure, pressure – all this is not an option, and can have serious consequences. In order not to injure the skin, consult a beautician, the doctor will advise you, carry out the procedure.
It is important to properly care for your face after brushing so that the result is maintained for a long time.
Holes in the nose
Open, cleaned pores – enlarged. Gradually, they will take on their usual appearance. After the procedures, be sure to use a tonic or hydrolat. You can ask your doctor about peeling, in some cases it helps to tighten the pores a little.
To prevent the appearance of blackheads, carefully consider the choice of daily home care: it should be suitable for the type of skin, not cause peeling, redness, and other reactions, be effective in solving your skin problems, not dry. Do not neglect cleansing, do not leave a layer of sebum and decorative cosmetics on your face before going to bed.
Fighting blackheads requires an integrated approach, but whatever the cause of this skin imperfection, this fight is not so difficult to defeat. Open comedones are not dangerous, and there are so many solutions to the aesthetic side of the problem that they would not all fit into any article, almost all of them really work. Be careful, attentive during home procedures, choose the right supportive care, eat right, then blackheads will bother you much less often.