The process of leaching calcium from the body is a pathology called osteoporosis. For a long time it was believed that this disease affects only middle-aged and older people. Women over 40 during premenopause and menopause are especially vulnerable to it.
Recent studies show that the disease also affects young organisms, which is facilitated by the significantly changed lifestyle of representatives of the new generation. Improper nutrition, lack of physical activity, bad habits provoke the leaching of calcium from the body, and the symptoms of the disease are ailments, which are usually not paid attention to in youth. For example, poor sleep, increased nervousness, poor posture are likely to be attributed to long sitting at the computer.
Delayed response to developing osteoporosis is fraught with serious consequences. Deprived of a sufficient amount of calcium (bone tissue is 99% composed of it), bones lose strength and in especially advanced cases break even from a slight bruise.
The role of calcium in the physiological processes of the human body
In addition to the fact that calcium is the basis of bone tissue, it is also a trace element, without which almost no internal process can be realized. Is he:
- Supports normal blood clotting.
- Provides adequate nutrition for cells.
- Normalizes the conductivity of neuromuscular tissues.
- Regulates the metabolic process.
- Prevents the development of intestinal polyposis.
- Controls intestinal motility, preventing the development of stagnant processes and constipation.
- Participates in the synthesis of melatonin, which in turn ensures healthy sleep.
- Provides the production of calcitonin – a hormone of the parathyroid gland.
- Prevents the development of allergic reactions.
- Supports muscle tone.
- Regulates insulin levels.
Anyone who is interested in the problem of calcium deficiency in the body, we recommend reading the article 8 facts you need to know about calcium.
- Unhealthy diet based on fast food, unnatural and canned foods that are rich in calories, preservatives and other harmful additives. In addition, it is worth remembering that fats greatly inhibit the absorption of calcium, palm oil (the basis of all modern confectionery products) prevents its absorption, and sugary carbonated drinks are actively washed away.
- Severe weight loss diets that significantly limit or completely exclude milk and its derivatives from the diet. We recommend that you read the article “How much calcium is in a glass of milk?”
- Hypolactasia (lactose intolerance).
- Vitamin D deficiency, without which calcium absorption is impossible.
- Violation of the synthesis of estrogen.
- Abuse of coffee and cigarettes.
- Long-term (and especially uncontrolled) intake of certain medications, such as laxatives, diuretics, hormonal, antibiotics.
- An excess in the body of elements that activate the leaching of calcium, which include potassium, sodium, magnesium, zinc, iron, cobalt, lead, phosphorus.
- Passive lifestyle.
Calcium deficiency symptoms
- Constant fatigue, even after sleep, decreased performance.
- Sleep disturbance (insomnia).
- The development of brittle hair, nails, deterioration of the quality of the skin (increased pallor).
- The appearance of bleeding: nose, from the gums.
- Increased nervous irritability.
- Memory impairment.
- A sharp decrease in immunity, which is expressed in persistent colds.
- Curvature of posture.
- Joint pain is possible.
- The elderly have more frequent cases of dislocations and subluxations, and fractures are not uncommon.
Who is at risk?
Osteoporosis is primarily affected by:
- Children and adolescents. Their organisms are in the stage of active growth and require an increased amount of calcium. Its deficiency leads to delayed growth, curvature of the spine, and the development of other pathologies.
- Menopausal women. Reducing estrogen production activates calcium leaching.
- Elderly people.
- Athletes, bodybuilders and men engaged in hard physical labor.
- Women and girls suffering from amenorrhea – the absence of menstruation, which may either not come or stop too early.
- Vegetarians who deny themselves most sources of calcium – meat, fish, milk.
- People with lactose intolerance. Due to the disease, they are unable to take calcium with milk. However, the problem is easily compensated by the use of other foods rich in this trace element.
It will be useful for everyone suffering from hypolactasia to read the article “Foods high in calcium.”
In fact, they are different and depend on age and lifestyle. So, for example, men in active working age need to consume from 1 to 2.5 g of calcium per day, women of the same age – at least 2.5 g. However, after 50 years, the amount of this trace element in the diet should be reduced in men to 1.8 g in women up to 1.5 g. However, if we are talking about adolescents, students, athletes, then the norms will be higher.
How to restore calcium content?
First of all, a correct diet and the inclusion of calcium-containing foods in the diet, which include:
- milk and dairy products (yoghurts, sour cream);
- cheeses, especially cream cheese;
- boiled beans;
- sardines in oil;
It is important that calcium is not only supplied to the body in sufficient quantities, but also absorbed. And for this it is necessary to exclude from the menu products that inhibit this process, and add components, on the contrary, that promote assimilation.
The acids contained in sorrel and spinach, any fatty foods, palm oil, and also sugary carbonated drinks interfere with the absorption process. All this should be excluded. In addition, it is recommended to reduce the consumption of strong tea and coffee to a minimum and quit smoking.
If a reduced presence of calcium in the body is detected, the intake of a mineral and vitamin complex is required.
For the proper assimilation and accumulation of this mineral, not only magnesium and vitamin D3 are important, but also zinc, manganese, and copper. There are a lot of drugs, so the doctor should choose it, based on the general picture of the patient’s condition. For women in menopause, hormone replacement therapy is necessary, which should also be prescribed by a specialist.
Another aspect of the fight against osteoporosis is physical activity, which is a natural factor that regulates bone-forming processes. Exercise has a general beneficial effect on the body:
- improve blood circulation;
- activate metabolism;
- improve the work of the digestive tract;
- normalize blood pressure and heart activity.
All this together helps to curb the process of leaching out vital trace elements, including calcium.
And in conclusion, I would like to emphasize that even if the symptoms of calcium leaching from the body appear, you should not give up. Normalization of nutrition, proper therapy and sports can significantly slow down the process and prolong the usual way of life for a long time.
Source : fiteria.ru