The types of skin diseases are very diverse. They differ in place of localization, nature, character and degree of manifestation. Most often, you can find skin reactions in the form of rash and redness. Thus, the skin often reacts to certain types of allergens as well as certain diseases. It is especially unpleasant when the skin begins to redden and peel off at the elbow or knees, because this situation often leads to microtrauma and significantly spoils the quality of life. If you do not know why redness appears on the bend of the elbow, how they are dangerous and how to deal with them, but would very much like to know, then this article is just for you.
Red spots on the hands indicate not only the presence of obvious health problems, but also cause internal discomfort, due to their not aesthetics. Having such imperfections, you have to limit yourself in choosing clothes and activities. However, in order to surely get rid of such troubles, it is worth understanding the problem deeper.
Causes of redness
In order to determine with high accuracy the cause of unpleasant stains, it is imperative to contact a specialist. Even superficially similar spots can be the result of completely different pathologies. Accurate diagnosis of redness in the bend of the elbows in an adult requires a thorough examination, as well as analyzes, since they are the cause of many types of pathologies.
Most often, psoriasis is considered as the main type of ailment with redness. It is a chronic disease that cannot be completely cured. The patient is only able to stop the symptoms using a well-chosen therapy. In the acute period, psoriasis is characterized by the appearance of scaling in the form of large scales and itching. Several factors can trigger a relapse:
- the use of alcoholic beverages;
- improper nutrition;
- some types of household chemicals;
- some medications;
- climatic conditions;
As soon as the first signs of the disease were found, it is advisable to start the fight against it.… In this case, there is a high probability of slowing down the process at the initial stage, then the affected area will be minimal.
When the body stops producing thyroid hormone in normal quantities, ailments appear, which are called hypothyroidism. It is characterized by decreased activity of blood circulation, weakening of many biological functions of the body. Such dynamics causes the development of various pathologies.
One of the clear visual manifestations of hypothyroidism is the appearance of dark scaly patches on the elbows. To refute or confirm this disease, it is imperative to be tested for the level of thyroid hormone in the blood. If its content exceeds the norm, then we can talk about the presence of a deviation. In this case, the therapy is carried out by an endocrinologist. The main signs of the disease are stopped with medication, and special creams and ointments are used to get rid of skin reactions.
Hives or allergic rashes
Another leader in the presence of red spots on the body is hives or an allergic reaction. Its characteristic feature is raised red spots. This rash occurs for several reasons:
- direct contact with the allergen and subsequent reaction at the site of contact;
- the immune system’s response to a medicine or product. In this case, the localization is varied, and the reaction itself is noticeable after a day or two.
With urticaria, redness on the elbows in the elderly and in patients of a younger age bothers with itching and swelling.
As the rash heals, it becomes a scaly structure.
In the process of treatment, medications, medicinal ointments are used, in addition, contact with the allergen is excluded.
Other pathologies of an infectious nature
There are other types of diseases, whose symptoms are similar. In this case, pathologies are caused by a virus, parasite or fungus. Among the most common:
- scabies. It is provoked by a scabies subcutaneous mite. To get infected, you need to contact the carrier. A characteristic feature is nodular paired eruptions;
- lichen. Caused by a virus or fungus. Rashes, which vary in color, are localized in different parts of the body, often on the abdomen, thighs, and back.
- dermatitis, eczema. Such an inflammatory process occurs due to hormonal disruption, an allergic reaction, and a weakening of the immune system. Manifestations are most often in the form of white scaly patches;
- candidiasis, mycosis. The lesion has a fungal nature and most often finds itself in the perineum, in the armpits, on the bends of the elbows, and so on. As a rule, a small rash appears with large foci, which itches and flakes.
Thus, in order to make the diagnosis as reliable as possible, it is necessary to take an analysis, often not even one. Attempts to self-treat redness on the bends of the elbows inside the adult often not only do not help, but also exacerbate the situation.
With diabetes mellitus, the function of the endocrine system is disrupted, an imbalance occurs in the production of the hormone insulin. Glucose, entering the bloodstream, is not processed properly, but accumulates. This causes a metabolic disorder, provokes dehydration, dryness, the appearance of spots and rashes. A particularly characteristic sign of diabetes mellitus is the appearance of flaky spots on the elbow.
With improper nutrition and lifestyle, a person often develops dysbiosis. With this disease, metabolism is disturbed due to a disorder of the microflora of the gastrointestinal tract. Such dynamics disrupt the usual process of removing toxins from the body. Against the background of pathology, as well as a lack of vitamins and other useful microelements, all kinds of manifestations on the skin appear in the form of pigmentation, spots, redness on the inside of the elbow. In this case, it is necessary to approach therapy in a comprehensive manner and work on the general improvement of the body.
How to distinguish allergies from dermatological diseases?
All skin reactions, characterized by rash, itching, redness, peeling, can be attributed to allergic reactions or to dermatological pathologies equally. It is impossible to determine with absolute certainty a specific case only by independent forces. It is imperative to contact a specialist who, using a complex method of diagnosis, can determine the disease.
Do not rush to diagnose yourself, but still pay attention to what new foods have appeared in your diet, perhaps. you have been prescribed a new drug and the rash is an allergic reaction to its ingredients. If the likelihood of allergies is excluded, then we can talk about dermatological diseases. In any case, in order to start treating elbow inflammation with redness, it is necessary to contact the appropriate specialist as soon as possible, namely to a dermatologist, who, if necessary, can refer to other doctors, depending on the results of the research.
General rules and methods of treatment
One or another principle of treatment is selected depending on the nature of the disease itself, but there are some general norms. So, if it is known for sure that the cause of the rash is an allergy, it is imperative to exclude the likelihood of repeated contact with the allergen. They also start taking antihistamines, which are prescribed by the attending physician.
For relief of local reactions on the skin, special creams, ointments and gels are widely used. There are a lot of similar drugs and they all have a different nature of action, so it is important in this case not to self-medicate, but to trust the opinion of a specialist. Often peeling occurs on the hands, which are also treated with ointments, for more information on this topic you can find in the article “Causes and ways of caring for dry elbows.” Unwanted skin rashes are triggered by various factors, and serious problems are not excluded, therefore it is so important to contact the appropriate institutions in a timely manner.
Traditional medicine recipes
With some types of rashes, you can successfully cope with folk methods using lotions. Celandine is most often used, since this plant has a whole range of useful properties, including bactericidal, wound healing, antifungal. The easiest way to prepare the plant for use is to pour boiling water over a tablespoon of celandine, leave for half an hour, and then use the resulting infusion as a lotion. Coltsfoot, chamomile, wild rosemary and chicory are used in the same way.
In addition to infusions and decoctions, herbs are used to make rubs. For example, take dried geranium leaves and add them to olive oil. Let the mixture brew for a week in a cool, dark place, and then move the container to normal daylight for a month. After that, rub the problem areas with the resulting oil.
In addition to such homemade oil, pay attention to pharmacy essential oils: tea tree, rose, jasmine. They also do an excellent job of the task. But remember that the treatment of elbow inflammation with folk remedies must begin with an allergy test.
The best option in any situation is to try to prevent illness. Pay attention to your diet, do not neglect the recommendations of doctors, watch your hygiene, your well-being, and in case of the slightest deviation from the norm, always consult a doctor.
If redness has already appeared, and the doctor has not yet prescribed treatment, try to exclude everything harmful, in your opinion, from the diet and everyday life. It is advisable not to overdry the already injured skin, so use sparing shower foams and not three damaged areas with brushes, washcloths, etc. The use of mild scrubbers and light nourishing creams is permitted. Nevertheless, in order to answer the question of why redness appeared on the bend of the elbow specifically in you, you still have to contact a professional.
Source : fiteria.ru