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There are many methods of safe teeth whitening. The doctor will help you choose the most adequate way to brighten the enamel, who will take into account the peculiarities of the state of the oral cavity. This is important because some bleaching options can lead to tooth hypersensitivity, accelerate the development of caries, and provoke inflammation of the gums and oral mucosa.
The advice of traditional medicine is especially fraught with undesirable consequences if they are used incorrectly, the frequency and dosage of use are not observed.
Professional and Safe Teeth Whitening Techniques
The most effective and safest teeth whitening is carried out in the dental office using special equipment and instruments.
The advantages of professional methods:
- preliminary examination by the dentist;
- cleaning teeth from plaque and stones;
- conducting a test to exclude an allergic reaction to the components of the whitening preparation;
- identification of contraindications – the presence of periodontal disease, caries, old fillings;
- selection of a whitening composition, all components of which are balanced and suitable for the condition of the gums and teeth.
Photo whitening is one of the most effective methods of combating plaque. A special compound is previously applied to the teeth to prevent the destruction of enamel by hydrogen peroxide. Then irradiation is performed with special lamps.
Under the influence of light, active oxygen is released from the applied substance, which brightens the teeth. The duration of the procedure is 15-20 minutes, whitening can be repeated after 10 days. The duration of therapy should not exceed 7 sessions.
In some patients, an undesirable side effect is increased tooth sensitivity after lightening for several days.
It is possible to safely whiten your teeth with laser beams. The technique has a lot in common with photobleaching. Also, the teeth are pre-cleaned from plaque and tartar. Then a protective gel is applied to the gums, and the teeth are treated with a whitening agent, which is activated under the influence of laser beams. The final stage of the procedure is the application of a fluoride gel.
Features of the procedure:
- disinfection of the oral cavity;
- processing time for one tooth does not exceed two minutes;
- the whitening effect lasts for about 6 years.
Laser whitening is considered the safest and most effective method, since it excludes burns of the dental structures and gums, and the whiteness of the teeth remains long-term. The use of photobleaching or a laser allows you to brighten the enamel by 8-10 tones.
Dentists also use ultrasounds to safely whiten teeth. This method is also called professional cleaning, it allows you to remove soft plaque and tartar. The procedure prevents the development of caries and inflammatory diseases of the oral cavity – periodontitis, gingivitis, its advantage is painlessness.
With the help of a special composition containing abrasive elements, the doctor polishes and brightens the surface of the teeth. After the treatment, the doctor applies a product containing fluoride and other trace elements to strengthen the teeth.
This gentle technique can only slightly whiten teeth, since its main task is to improve the oral cavity.
Popular for safe teeth whitening are special reservoirs worn on the jaws – mouth guards. The devices are filled with a clarifying gel containing fluorine, hydrogen peroxide. The patient wears mouth guards for about two weeks, the duration of daily use is determined by the dentist.
There are standard mouth guards, thermoplastic, customized. The maximum effect is provided by wearing individual mouth guards that match the structure of the patient’s jaws. Such devices do not cause discomfort, leakage of the gel and burns of the oral mucosa are excluded.
The choice of caps is made by the dentist, having previously conducted a test for the tolerance of the whitening gel. Next, the doctor monitors the effect of the gel and the condition of the teeth, gums, and oral cavity.
The patient should be warned of temporary side effects:
- painful sensitivity of the teeth;
- discomfort when chewing;
- change in taste.
The beneficial effect of whitening for several shades lasts up to 12 months.
Safe home teeth whitening products
You can safely whiten your teeth at home. But it should be borne in mind that the result will be very different from professional methods.
For safe enamel lightening at home, special pastes are used. But the main purpose of these products is to cleanse the enamel from harmful plaque and tartar. The composition of pastes includes the following components:
- derivatives of hydrogen peroxide;
- abrasive substances;
- natural enzymes that remove plaque.
The use of the paste can whiten teeth by 1-2 tones in the presence of large abrasive particles. But this is fraught with damage to the enamel, so a preliminary consultation with a dentist is required. The use of pastes with fine abrasive substances will take a long time to achieve the effect. Such funds are safer.
Doctors recommend using whitening strips at home. They are coated with a composition containing hydrogen peroxide, the devices are convenient and safe to use, as they are firmly fixed on the teeth. The duration of the procedure is 30 minutes.
The most effective stripes are lightened by 6-7 tones. The attending dentist will help you make the right choice of the product and determine the number of sessions. Doctors strongly advise against buying your own teeth whitening strips.
Special pencils are considered an alternative to hardware whitening. Hydrogen peroxide is also the main active ingredient. The teeth are coated with whitening gel using the attached brush and dispenser. The applied product should dry on the teeth, so you cannot cover your mouth during the procedure. The duration and number of sessions are indicated in the attached instructions. Pencils lighten the enamel by 1-2 tones.
Dentists advise not to overuse home whitening products. If used incorrectly, they increase the sensitivity of the enamel and can provoke its destruction.
Strips, pencils and pastes should not be used for inflammatory diseases of the oral cavity and tooth sensitivity disorders. After using them, you need to rinse your mouth and do not eat for an hour.
Safe folk teeth whitening methods
Healers offer many safe ways to whiten teeth. When choosing them, they are guided by the following points:
- the effectiveness of the recipe;
- safety for teeth and oral mucosa;
- ease of preparation of the drug;
- ease of use.
Following folk recipes, you need to follow the recipe and the frequency of their use. As a rule, after using the products, you need to thoroughly rinse your mouth and exclude food for an hour.
One of the most popular teeth whitening substances. To enhance the effect, it is mixed with baking soda in equal parts. The mixture is applied for five minutes; for safety, it is permissible to carry out the procedure no more than 1 time in 10 days.
Not only brightens the enamel, but also heals the gums. You need to gently rub it into the enamel and surrounding tissues. It is one of the safest teeth whitening products and can be used daily.
A mixture of equal parts coconut oil and baking soda helps. The composition is used to brush your teeth or simply apply to the enamel for 15 minutes. The recipe can be used no more than 2 times a week.
Gently rub the crushed berries into the teeth and gums, leave for 20 minutes, then rinse the mouth. This safe procedure is performed every 5 days for a month. This helps to whiten and strengthen the enamel, prevents the development of gingivitis.
The substance has long been used for cleaning teeth. You need to dissolve the soda in a little water and brush your teeth with a brush. Rinse your mouth after 5-7 minutes. The optimal result is achieved when using the product once every 7-10 days.
A safer way to whiten is to add a pinch of baking soda to regular toothpaste. This procedure can be performed up to three times a week.
Contains a lot of useful trace elements. Regular rubbing of the teeth and gums with the inner side of the banana peel improves the capillary blood supply to the oral cavity, cleans the enamel from plaque. This safe whitening method has no contraindications and can be used daily.
You need to gently rub a small amount of liquid into the tooth surface, rinse your mouth thoroughly after 3-5 minutes. This method of whitening is carried out no more than 1 time in 7 days.
Lemon juice has a rather aggressive effect on enamel, increases its sensitivity. Therefore, the remedy can be used by people who do not have dental problems.
A good whitening effect is the use of a mixture of lemon juice and soda. First you need to brush your teeth with a high-quality paste, and after the procedure, rinse your mouth. It is considered safer to whiten the teeth by rubbing the inside of the lemon peel into the tooth enamel and gums. Rinse the teeth five minutes after the manipulation.
The use of folk remedies does not imply a quick effect. They are used for a long time, lightening is possible only by 1-2 tones.
To prevent dental problems, you need to visit a specialist at least once every six months. The doctor will diagnose the condition of the enamel, gums, suggest the safest way to whiten teeth. In the future, you should adhere to the recommendations of a specialist to preserve the result of brightening the surface of the teeth.
: Olga Shchepina, doctor,
Useful video about teeth whitening
List of sources:
- Surface formations on the teeth, ed. OO Gushchina, ed. NGMA, 2017.
- Modern methods of teeth whitening, ed. K. I. Ronkina, Moscow: Dental Kaleidoscope LP, 2011.