health

Stretching after a stroke or how to stretch properly in rehabilitation

A person who has suffered a stroke can face a wide variety of consequences – from memory impairments to partial paralysis of the limbs. Fine motor problems make it difficult to turn on / off lights or tie shoelaces. However, if the recommendations of the attending doctor are followed, it is possible to return to an active lifestyle. One of the rehabilitation methods after a stroke is special gymnastics or stretching.

During the adaptation period, there is a need for simpler actions. However, they must be done regularly. It’s about exercise. If your condition allows, then you can start them even while in the hospital. Most often, the complex is drawn up by the treating neuropathologist and physiotherapist.

Advantages of stretching

  • reduces muscle spasticity;
  • relieves soreness;
  • remains flexible;
  • maintains youthfulness of the body;
  • keeps joints healthy;
  • makes movement easy.

What is important to consider?

The maximum benefit will be noticeable only with the following nuances:

  1. Start any exercise on the healthy side. This will activate the brain region that controls the movement of the limbs.
  2. Send an impulse mentally to the diseased limb.
  3. Change tasks daily – they can be complicated or replaced with others.
  4. Remember to do it in full, but don’t overdo it. This will boost your self-confidence and help you recover.
  5. Use special gymnastics equipment.
  6. Pay attention to the large flexor / extensor muscles first, and then develop fine motor skills.

Rehabilitation principles aim to activate the volitional activity of the patient. The main condition is to stretch on a regular basis.

What is the right way to stretch after a stroke?

Exercises to restore movement after a stroke

Suitable for daily use.

For hands

  1. Cross your fingers into a lock, and then lift up, straightening over your head. In the passive phase, take your clasped hands to the sides. Repeat until you feel a little tired.
  2. Pull your hands to the opposite ear, alternately change your hand.
  3. Pull both hands to opposite ears at once.

For legs

  1. Lie on your back and place the upper limbs along the body. Legs are shoulder width apart.
  2. Raise your leg and throw the heel of your right leg back onto the knee of your left, place your foot behind the knee, keeping the vertical position of the limb.
  3. Pull the toes of your feet towards you, and then back, pulling your legs to your stomach. Bend and cross them at the same time.

There are frequent cases when, due to strong spasticity, it is impossible to stretch one or another muscle group. Because of this, contracture arises. If you find it difficult to extend the joint to its full range of motion due to the limb of the affected side or the help of another person, it is better to see a physiotherapist or neuropathologist.

There are also many drugs that can help reduce muscle spasticity, either by mouth or by injection.

In any case, stretching after a stroke is possible only after consulting a doctor.. Typically, an occupational therapist will develop a stretching program for the arms and a physiotherapist for the legs.… In addition, doctors will advise on the exercises that will be safe and as comfortable as possible specifically for your case.

Source : fiteria.ru

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