An adult should be vaccinated periodically throughout his life. And to approach this matter with all responsibility. There is a whole list of vaccines that WHO recommends for adults. One of the most important is vaccination against HPV, the human papillomavirus.
It is HPV that is becoming the most common cause of cervical cancer. It is one of the most common viruses on Earth. He is the second most popular among women. HPV is transmitted sexually. And it is believed that every sexually active person at least once in his life, but met him.
HPV has many faces: it has over 100 different types and 14 of them can cause cancer. Some types provoke the appearance of warts and papillomas on the body, others affect the skin and mucous membranes of the genital organs and are most often found only on examination by a doctor. In most cases, the virus proceeds without symptoms – the disease goes away on its own without any treatment.
However, sometimes it becomes chronic and leads to the development of cervical cancer. The duration of this process depends on the woman’s immunity – as a rule, signs of oncology appear after 15-20 years.
- Since all “faces” of the virus are numbered, in 70% of cases, HPV types 16 and 18 cause cancer.
- HPV types 6 and 11, although they are not oncogenic, also leave extremely unpleasant consequences – the formation of genital warts and benign tumors in the airways.
Vaccine for teenagers
Primary prevention of cervical cancer is prevention of HPV infection. And a better way than vaccination has not yet been invented.
Several foreign countries have already included this vaccine in their school immunization program.
- According to the WHO recommendations, it is carried out for girls and boys aged 9-14 years.
It cannot cure HPV, but it can prevent infection. Therefore, it must be administered before contact with the virus, that is, before the onset of sexual activity.
- As for adult girls and women, it is not too late for them to carry out this procedure. But here each case is considered individually, after consulting a gynecologist.
Vaccinations for non-children
In general, the list of vaccines that doctors advise to be sure to introduce in adulthood is quite impressive. These are vaccinations:
1. From pneumococcal and meningo-coccal infections.
The source of infection is a sick person or carrier. It is transmitted by airborne droplets and by contact. The disease occurs in the form of otitis media, sinusitis, pneumonia.
- Vaccination is recommended for people over 65 years old, patients with chronic diseases of the respiratory system, liver, diabetes mellitus, immunodeficiency.
2. From hepatitis A.
The causative agent of the disease is by its nature a virus. It is betrayed through personal hygiene items, water, food. It is manifested by an increase in body temperature, nausea, pain in the liver and yellowness of the skin.
- The vaccine is recommended for people under 55 years of age. Vaccination is compulsory for representatives of risk groups (health workers, employees of children’s institutions, catering, travelers traveling to areas unfavorable for hepatitis A).
3. From rubella, measles, mumps.
Pathogens – viruses transmitted by airborne droplets.
- If a single vaccination is enough for measles, then for rubella and mumps, revaccination is required every 10 years.
This should especially be taken into account by girls planning to conceive a child, since rubella transferred during pregnancy is fatal to the fetus.
4. From tetanus, diphtheria, pertussis.
The pathogens have a bacterial etiology and cause life-threatening diseases. They are transmitted by contact and airborne droplets.
- Vaccination is mandatory for children from 2 months. In adulthood, it must be repeated every 10 years.
5. From chickenpox.
It is transmitted by airborne droplets. The first vaccination against chickenpox is required for everyone who has not yet had it, at any age. But after 50 years, those who have already been vaccinated need re-vaccination – to avoid the manifestations of not children’s “chickenpox”, and shingles.
Unfortunately, there are now entire anti-vaccination movements in the world. Many modern mothers think that medical “chemistry” can harm a child. However, it is unlikely that the “wildlife”, in which the inhabitants of cities rely, will protect the child from the threats of the modern world. After all, viruses are also living nature. Only, alas, aggressive, fighting for its own survival.
Although, of course, the choice – to carry out vaccine prophylaxis or not, always remains with the parents. And only they are responsible for their own lives and the lives of their children.