When it comes to anti-aging care, it’s hard not to think of retinol. In cosmetology, this component is considered almost magical, because it is able to quickly solve several problems at once – to penetrate into the cell and work simultaneously both in the superficial and deep layers of the skin, transforming and rejuvenating it every day.
What is Retinol?
Retinol is one of the forms of fat-soluble vitamin A. It was discovered back in 1913, and even then scientists realized that without it, the development and normal functioning of the body are impossible. Retinol has a small molecule and therefore has the ability to penetrate deep into the skin. Inside, the vitamin is converted into an active derivative – retinoic acid, which works at the cellular level.
You can find this component in home care products and in professional cosmetic lines. On the packaging, retinol is most often indicated as: retinyl palmitate, retinol retinaldegil, retinoic acid.
Retinol, used in cosmetology and dermatology, is subdivided into natural and synthetic. Its natural forms include retinol acetate, retinol, tretinoin and retinaldehyde, and synthetic ones – adapalene, tazarotene and isotretinoin. The former go through several stages before converting to retinoic acid, the latter act immediately. Because of these differences, natural retinol is used in cosmetics, while synthetic retinol is used in pharmacological medicinal products.
Cosmetics with retinol are multifunctional and can work in several directions at once, because retinol:
- smoothes expression lines and deep creases
- accelerates the process of cell formation and regeneration
- evens out skin tone and relief
- brightens age spots
- has an antioxidant effect, thereby protecting against negative environmental factors
- stimulates the production of collagen and elastin
- moisturizes and retains moisture in skin cells
- improves skin elasticity
- improves blood microcirculation
- fights acne by balancing the activity of the sebaceous glands
- fights post-acne as a chemical peel
- reduces and stops inflammation
- increases elasticity and strengthens the skin structure.
In its pure form, retinol is unstable – vitamin A is destroyed in the light. When buying cosmetics with such an active ingredient in the composition, it is important to pay attention to the packaging – the product must be in an opaque jar or tube with a dispenser.
Retinol products – how to use them?
It is possible to include cosmetics with retinol in your beauty routine from the age of 18, if there are indications for this, for example, excessive oily skin or the presence of acne. But retinol products are especially good for preventing or correcting signs of aging.
1 – moisturizing night face cream with Origins retinol, 2 – Antioxidant face serum with retinol Natura Siberica, 3 – filler capsules for skin rejuvenation with retinol and Stellary collagen, 4 – night serum in capsules against wrinkles with ceramides and retinol Elisabeth Arden, 5 – Estee Lauder Retinol Face Repair Cream
A retinol serum or night cream will be enough to see the magical effects of this ingredient. It is better to start acquaintance with it with low concentrations, gradually increasing them – so the skin will get used to active care without side reactions. You need to apply products with retinol about once or twice a week. Using them daily or every other day, you can face irritation, peeling and the appearance of rashes. Retinol is most effective in night care, and glycolic acid in the composition of the product will increase its active effect. It is important to remember that it is imperative to apply sun protection with SPF 30 or 50 during the day.
It is better not to do peelings with retinol at home – in high concentrations, this active ingredient can cause a strong reaction in the form of redness, itching, and swelling. It is worth contacting a professional beautician for the procedure, but plan your care for the inactive sun season.
6 – Peter Thomas Roth retinol eye cream, 7 – Shiseido pure retinol revitalizing face mask set, 8 – eye area cream with 0.5% retinol and dr. Brandt ruby crystals, 9 – retinol serum Ultra A Skin Perfecting Serum, Ultraceuticals, 10 – Darphin Retinol Revitalizing Facial Concentrate
Unfortunately, retinol cosmetics have side effects that you should also be aware of:
- Retinol increases sensitivity to the sun, therefore, after using this component, you cannot stay in direct sunlight – burns cannot be avoided.
- Retinol can cause itching, burning, flaking, or tightness. When these signs appear, it is important to start actively moisturizing the skin with serums and creams. If additional care does not relieve side effects, the drug will have to be canceled.
- It is strictly forbidden to use products with retinol during pregnancy and during breastfeeding, and after the yellow or retinoic peeling procedure, you cannot plan a pregnancy for several months!